单词记忆技巧系列#16:缩写词 电话:15607341

本期安排讲解的是缩写词,是指用一种简易形式来表达某个单词或短语,是单词书写的一种特殊型态。缩写词是将一个或多个单词简化为一个...


<p class="ql-block">本期安排讲解的是<b>缩写词</b>,是指用一种简易形式来表达某个单词或短语,是单词书写的一种特殊型态。缩写词是将一个或多个单词简化为一个短词,上期讲解的 @ 合成词 则是将多个单词组合为一个长词,两者可视作反向操作。不论是出于阅读写作,又或口语表达的需要,学习和掌握常见缩写词都是很有必要的。</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">本文所述缩写词共分三大类,依次举例说明。<b>1-首字母缩略</b>:VIP=Very Important Person(重要人物/贵宾),PE=Physical Education(体育)。<b>2-简写截短</b>:Mon.=Monday(周一),info=information(信息)。<b>3-句中缩写</b>:can't=can not(不能)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><b>一、缩写词之首字母缩略</b></p><p class="ql-block"><b> 1、常见缩略词 </b></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">AM:上午(ante meridiem),也可写作:A.M.</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">PM:下午(Post Meridiem),也可写作:P.M.</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">AD:公元(Anno Domini),也可写作:A.D.</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">BC:公元前(Before Christ),也可写作:B.C.</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">CBD :中央商务区(Central Business District)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">CEO:首席执行官(Chief Executive Officer)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">COO:首席运营官(Chief Operating Officer)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">CTO:首席技术官 (Chief Technology Officer)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">DIY:自己动手做(Do it Yourself)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">DOB:出生日期(Date Of Birth )</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">GDP:国内生产总值(Gross Domestic Product)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">GNP :国民生产总值(Gross National Product)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">GMT:格林威治标准时间(Greenwich Mean Time)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">CV:简历(Curriculum Vitae)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">EQ:情商(Emotional Quotient)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">HB:(铅笔)硬黑(hard-black)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">ID:身份证(Identification Card)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">IQ:智商(Intelligence Quotient)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">PE:体育(Physical Education)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">QC:质量控制(Quality Control)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">WC:洗手间/厕所(Water Closet)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">KFC:肯德基(Kentucky Fried Chicken)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">OMG:我的上帝/我的天哪(Oh My God)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">RMB:人民币(RenMinBi 拼音首字母)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">SOS:国际通用的求救信号(Save Our Souls)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">UFO:不明飞行物(Unknown Flying Object)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">VIP:重要人物/贵宾(Very Important Person)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">ICU:重症病房(Intensive-Care Unit)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">DNA:脱氧核糖核酸(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">SARS:非典(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromes)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">AIDS:艾滋病(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) </p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><b> 2、科技电子类 </b></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">AI:人工智能(Artificial Intelligence)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">ABS:防滑刹车系统(Anti-lock Brake System)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">ATM:自动取款机(Automatic Teller Machine)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">BRT:快速公交系统(Bus Rapid Transit)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">CD:光盘/激光唱片(Compact Disk)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">CPU:中央处理器(Central Processing Unit)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">DJ:音乐节目主持人(Disc Jockey)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">DVD:数字录像光盘(Digital Video Disk)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">GPS:全球定位系统(Global Positioning System)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">IT:信息技术(Information Technology)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">KTV:卡拉OK(Karaoke TV)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">LRT:轻轨公交系统(Light Rail Transit)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">MV:音乐短片(Music Video)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">PC:个人电脑(Personal Computer)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">SUV:运动型多用途轿车(Sport Utility Vehicle)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">USB:通用串行总线(Universal Serial Bus)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">VCD:录像光盘(Video Compact Disk)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">VCR:盒式磁带录像(Video Cassette Recorder)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">VR:虚拟实境(Virtual Reality)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">WiFi:无线网络(Wireless Fidelity)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">WLAN:无线局域网络(Wireless Local Area Network )</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block">WWW:环球信息网/万维网(World Wide Web)</p><p class="ql-block"><br></p><p class="ql-block"><b> </b></p> <p class="ql-block">3、国家/地区及国际组织类 </p><p class="ql-block">PRC:中华人民共和国(People's Republic of China)</p><p class="ql-block">EU:欧盟(European Union)</p><p class="ql-block">HK:香港(Hong Kong)</p><p class="ql-block">JP:日本(Japan)</p><p class="ql-block">KR:韩国(Korea)</p><p class="ql-block">RUS:俄罗斯(Russia)</p><p class="ql-block">SGP:新加坡(Singapore)</p><p class="ql-block">UK:英国(United Kingdom)</p><p class="ql-block">UN:联合国(United Nations)</p><p class="ql-block">US:美国(United States)</p><p class="ql-block">USA:美国(United States of America)</p><p class="ql-block">WTO:世界贸易组织(World Trade Organization)</p><p class="ql-block">WHO:世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)</p><p class="ql-block">CIA:(美国)中央情报局(Central Intelligence Agency)</p><p class="ql-block">FBI:(美国)联邦调查局(Federal Bureau of Investigation)</p><p class="ql-block">FDA:(美国)食品药品监督管理局(Food and Drug Administration)</p><p class="ql-block">ICAC:(香港)廉政公署(Independent Commission Against Corruption)</p><p class="ql-block">APEC:亚太经贸合作组织(Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)</p><p class="ql-block">OPEC:石油输出国组织/欧佩克(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)</p><p class="ql-block"> 4、机构/公司和协会类 </p><p class="ql-block">CBA:中国篮球协会(Chinese Basketball Association)</p><p class="ql-block">CCTV:中国中央电视台(China Central Television)</p><p class="ql-block">EMS:邮政特快专递(Express Mail Service)</p><p class="ql-block">NBA:美国篮球协会(National Basketball Association)</p><p class="ql-block">PLA:中国人民解放军(People's Liberation Army)</p><p class="ql-block">VOA:美国之音(Voice of America)</p><p class="ql-block">WWF:世界野生动物基金(World Wildlife Fund)</p><p class="ql-block">ABC:美国广播公司(American Broadcasting Company)</p><p class="ql-block">BBC:英国广播公司(British Broad-casting Corporation)</p><p class="ql-block"> 5、教育考试类 </p><p class="ql-block">BEC:商务英语认证(Business English Certificate)</p><p class="ql-block">CET:大学英语考试(College English Test)</p><p class="ql-block">GRE:研究生入学考试(Graduate Record Examination)</p><p class="ql-block">ETS:美国教育考试中心(Educational Testing Service)</p><p class="ql-block">IELTS:雅思(The International English Language Testing System)</p><p class="ql-block">PETS:公共英语等级考试(Public English Test System)</p><p class="ql-block">TOEFL:托福(Test of English as a Foreign Language)</p><p class="ql-block">MBA:工商管理硕士(Master of Business Administration)</p><p class="ql-block">MPA:公共管理硕士(Master of Public Administration)</p><p class="ql-block"> 6、国内主要银行 </p><p class="ql-block">中国人民银行:PBC(People's Bank of China)</p><p class="ql-block">中国农业银行:ABC(Agriculture Bank of China)</p><p class="ql-block">中国建设银行:CCB(China Construction Bank)</p><p class="ql-block">中国工商银行:ICBC(Industrial and Commercial Bank of China)</p><p class="ql-block">中国银行:BOC(Bank of China)</p><p class="ql-block">招商银行:CMB(China Merchants Bank)</p><p class="ql-block">交通银行:BCM(Bank of Communications) </p><p class="ql-block">二、缩写词之简写截短</p><p class="ql-block"> 1、星期/月份简写 </p><p class="ql-block">星期一:Mon.(Monday)</p><p class="ql-block">星期二:Tues.(Tuesday)</p><p class="ql-block">星期三:Wed.(Wednesday)</p><p class="ql-block">星期四:Thur.(Thursday)</p><p class="ql-block">星期五:Fri.(Friday)</p><p class="ql-block">星期六:Sat.(Saturday)</p><p class="ql-block">星期天:Sun.(Sunday)</p><p class="ql-block">一月:Jan.(January)</p><p class="ql-block">二月:Feb.(February)</p><p class="ql-block">三月:Mar.(March)</p><p class="ql-block">四月:Apr.(April)</p><p class="ql-block">五月:无简写(May)</p><p class="ql-block">六月:Jun.(June)</p><p class="ql-block">七月:Jul.(July)</p><p class="ql-block">八月:Aug.(August)</p><p class="ql-block">九月:Sept.(September)</p><p class="ql-block">十月:Oct.(October)</p><p class="ql-block">十一月:Nov.(November)</p><p class="ql-block">十二月:Dec.(December)</p><p class="ql-block"> 2、计量单位简写 </p><p class="ql-block">克:G(gram)</p><p class="ql-block">公斤:Kg(kilogram)</p><p class="ql-block">公吨:Mt(metric ton)</p><p class="ql-block">米:M(metre)</p><p class="ql-block">厘米:Cm(centimetre)</p><p class="ql-block">毫米:Mm(millimeter)</p><p class="ql-block">公里:Km(kilometre)</p><p class="ql-block">码:Yd(yard)</p><p class="ql-block">英尺:Ft(foot)</p><p class="ql-block">英寸:In(inch)</p><p class="ql-block">升:L(litre)</p><p class="ql-block">毫升:ML(millilitre)</p><p class="ql-block">加仑:gal.(gallon)</p><p class="ql-block">千瓦:Kw(kilowatt)</p><p class="ql-block">马力:h.p.(horse power)</p><p class="ql-block">平方米:sq.m.(square metre)</p><p class="ql-block">小时:Hr.(hour)</p><p class="ql-block">分:Min.(minute)</p><p class="ql-block">秒:Sec.(second)</p><p class="ql-block"> 3、其他简写 </p><p class="ql-block">1st:第一(first)</p><p class="ql-block">2nd:第二(second)</p><p class="ql-block">3rd:第三(third)</p><p class="ql-block">4th:第四(fourth)</p><p class="ql-block">5th:第五(fifth)</p><p class="ql-block">ad:广告(advertisement)</p><p class="ql-block">Add.:地址(address)</p><p class="ql-block">BBQ:烧烤(barbecue)</p><p class="ql-block">Dr.:医生/博士(doctor)</p><p class="ql-block">i.e.:也即/那就是(id est,系拉丁文)</p><p class="ql-block">e.g.:例如(for example=exempligratia,系拉丁文)</p><p class="ql-block">etc.:等等(et cetera,等于and so on)</p><p class="ql-block">o'clock:几点钟(of the clock,仅表示整点)</p><p class="ql-block">Max.:最大的,最大限度(maximum)</p><p class="ql-block">Min.:最小的,最低限度(minimum)</p><p class="ql-block">Mr.:先生(Mister)</p><p class="ql-block">Mrs.:夫人/太太(Mistress)</p><p class="ql-block">Ms.:女士(Mrs. or Miss)</p><p class="ql-block">No.:号码/编号(Number)</p><p class="ql-block">REC:录制(Record)</p><p class="ql-block">TEL.:电话(Telephone)</p><p class="ql-block">FAX:传真(Facsimile)</p><p class="ql-block">TV:电视(Television)</p><p class="ql-block">auto:汽车(automobile)</p><p class="ql-block">copter:直升飞机(helicopter)</p><p class="ql-block">dorm:寝室(dormitory)</p><p class="ql-block">exam:考试(examination)</p><p class="ql-block">info:信息(information)</p><p class="ql-block">intro:简介(introduction)</p><p class="ql-block">fridge:冰箱(refrigerator)</p><p class="ql-block">flu:流感(influenza)</p><p class="ql-block">gas:天然气(gasoline)</p><p class="ql-block">gym:体育馆/健身房(gymnasium)</p><p class="ql-block">lab:实验室/研究室(laboratory)</p><p class="ql-block">lib:图书馆(library)</p><p class="ql-block">math:数学(mathematics)</p><p class="ql-block">memo:备忘录(memorandum)</p><p class="ql-block">tech:技术(technology)</p><p class="ql-block">teen:青少年(teenager)</p><p class="ql-block">三、缩写词之句中缩写</p><p class="ql-block"> 1、和否定相关的缩写 </p><p class="ql-block">通常在原词后加n't,若原词以n结尾,直接加't。</p><p class="ql-block">◆ 系动词 + not:</p><p class="ql-block">isn't = is not</p><p class="ql-block">wasn't = was not</p><p class="ql-block">aren't = are not</p><p class="ql-block">weren't = were not</p><p class="ql-block">注意:[am not]一般不简写。</p><p class="ql-block">◆ 助动词 + not:</p><p class="ql-block">don't = do not</p><p class="ql-block">doesn't = does not</p><p class="ql-block">didn't = did not</p><p class="ql-block">haven't = have not</p><p class="ql-block">hasn't = has not</p><p class="ql-block">hadn't = had not</p><p class="ql-block">◆ 情态动词 + not:</p><p class="ql-block">can't = can not</p><p class="ql-block">couldn't = could not</p><p class="ql-block">won't = will not</p><p class="ql-block">wouldn't = would not</p><p class="ql-block">shouldn't = should not</p><p class="ql-block"> 2、和人称代词相关的缩写 </p><p class="ql-block">◆ 人称代词加be动词:</p><p class="ql-block">(am简写成'm,arev写成're,is简写成's)</p><p class="ql-block">I'm = I am</p><p class="ql-block">he's = he is</p><p class="ql-block">she's = she is</p><p class="ql-block">you're = you are</p><p class="ql-block">we're = we are</p><p class="ql-block">they're = they are</p><p class="ql-block">they're = there are</p><p class="ql-block">there's = there is</p><p class="ql-block">that's = that is</p><p class="ql-block">it's = it is</p><p class="ql-block">注意:[this is]一般不简写。</p><p class="ql-block">◆ 人称代词加助动词have:</p><p class="ql-block">(have简写成've,has简写成's,had简写成'd)</p><p class="ql-block">I've = I have</p><p class="ql-block">you've = you have</p><p class="ql-block">he's = he has</p><p class="ql-block">she's = she has</p><p class="ql-block">it's = it has</p><p class="ql-block">we've = we have</p><p class="ql-block">they've = they have </p><p class="ql-block">I'd = I had</p><p class="ql-block">you'd = you had</p><p class="ql-block">he'd = he had</p><p class="ql-block">she'd = she had</p><p class="ql-block">it'd = it had</p><p class="ql-block">we'd = we had</p><p class="ql-block">they'd = they had </p><p class="ql-block">◆ 人称代词加情态动词:</p><p class="ql-block">(will简写成'll,would简写成'd)</p><p class="ql-block">I'll = I will</p><p class="ql-block">you'll = you will</p><p class="ql-block">she'll = she will</p><p class="ql-block">he'll = he will</p><p class="ql-block">we'll = we will</p><p class="ql-block">they'll = they will</p><p class="ql-block">I'd = I would</p><p class="ql-block">you'd = you would</p><p class="ql-block">she'd = she would</p><p class="ql-block">he'd = he would</p><p class="ql-block">we'd = we would</p><p class="ql-block">they'd = they would</p><p class="ql-block"> 3、和疑问词相关的缩写 </p><p class="ql-block">Who's = Who is</p><p class="ql-block">Who're = Who are</p><p class="ql-block">How's = How is</p><p class="ql-block">How're = How are</p><p class="ql-block">When's = When is</p><p class="ql-block">When're = When are</p><p class="ql-block">What's = What is</p><p class="ql-block">What're = What are</p><p class="ql-block">Where's = Where is</p><p class="ql-block">Where're = Where are</p><p class="ql-block"> 4、其他缩写 </p><p class="ql-block">Let's ...=Let us ...</p><p class="ql-block">My name's ...=My name is ...</p><p class="ql-block">以上就是缩写词相关记忆的知识点,同学们是否做好笔记了呢?英语学习在于点滴积累,持之以恒必有得!</p>

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